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Bodrum one of the most popular touristic place of Turkey, together with culture, history and modern lifestyle More

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About Bodrum, Mylassa and Gulluk

BODRUM – (Halicarnassus):

Bodrum (formerly Halicarnassus, during the Middle Ages Petronium) is a Turkish port in Muğla Province which is at southern coast of Aegean sea. It is on the Bodrum Peninsula, near the northwest entrance to the Gulf of Gökova, and faces the Greek island of Kos. Today, it is a center of tourism and yachting. The city was called Halicarnassus of Caria in ancient times, The Mausoleum of Mausolus was there, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.  


The town is a very popular touristic resort for especially northern Europeans due to its attractive coastline and active night-life. Bodrum is one of the main touristic places due to its excellent climate, beautiful coastline and a plethora of proximate sites of historical importance and natural beauty.Today, it is a center of tourism and yachting . It can safely be said that every year at least a few hundreds of thousands of tourists visit Bodrum. The population of the town is 32,227 (2000 census) . Turkish writer Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı popularised the region in the Turkish imagination. The region attracts artists with cultural and musical festivals throughout the year. Bodrum now hosts poets, singers, artists and tourists

The region includes the municipalities of Bodrum, Turgutreis, Ortakent, Türkbükü, Yalikavak, Gümüslük, which are composed of a number of recent tourist-oriented developments alongside older village centers.

The harbour area was colonized by ancient Greeks in the 11th century BC and the city later fell under Persian rule. It was the nominal capital city of the satrapy of Caria; its location ensured the city enjoyed considerable autonomy.

Even if you are not staying in Bodrum a visit to this busy resort will be a wonderful day out. The Castle of St Peter with its amazing maritime museum is fascinating; alternatively stroll through the marina with its charming boutiques and elegant yachts. The castle grounds includes a Museum of Underwater Archeology and hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year. There is a fantastic selection of waterfront shops, and Bodrum's pedestrian shopping lanes will keep you busy during the day. All around the Bodrum peninsula there are wonderful opportunities for watersports. You can try to do water skiing, parasailing, dinghy sailing, windsurfing or perhaps the more sedate pastimes of canoeing or pedaloes. For more organised excursions experience a day out to Ephesus, one of the best-preserved archaeological sites in the world. Besides another place to visit is Pamukkale, one of nature's phenomena where hot mineral waters flow down the mountain and have solidified to form snowy white pools. As you might expect, boat trips are widely available and you can even take your passport and take a trip to the nearby Greek island of Kos.

There is little left from this first century temple in Corinthian Order. It was built on high podium. The carvings of the Corinthian columns and masonry of the wall surrounding the temple specifies that it is from first century BC.

The temple of Augustus and Roma:

The temple, which had been built for Emperor Augustus for the renovation work he accomplished after the destruction of the city by Libanius in 40 BC, is now totally vanished from the stage of history.

As mentioned above the city was badly damaged in 40 BC by the Parthian and Roman troops under the command of Labianus, a former general of Brutus and Cassius. After this disaster, Mylian asked for the help of Emperor Augustus. From the inscriptions, we understand that emperor helped for the reconstruction of the city and people of Mylassa built a temple for Augustus and Goddess Rome. During the Byzantine Period, Mylassa became the Episcopal see and it was under the directions of the bishop of Stavrapolis. It was conquered by Menteseoglu tribe in the 14th century and joined Ottoman territory in 1425.

In 1522, Suleyman the Magnificent conquered the base of the Crusader knights on the island of Rhodes, who withdrew to Malta, leaving The Castle of Saint Peter and Bodrum to the Ottoman Empire.

A native God who is later named as all the Carians worshiped Zeus there.

Until the 20th Century, the economy of Bodrum was dominated by fishing and sponge diving. The sheltered anchorage contains yachts and locally-built gulets used by tourists.

The Bodrum region has attracted foreign and domestic investment in real estate, specifically in second homes for investors from other Turkish cities as well as Western European countries.

MILAS - (Mylassa):

Milas is the second largest inhabited city in the region on Province Mugla. With the ancient name of Mylassa it was the former capital of Caria, houses and monuments bearing witness to great history of the town. From the ending of the name ‘asa’, its been understood that it was an Anatolian name and it is suggested it was one of the earliest cities established in the region. According to the archaeologists, the name was derived from the word Aiolos, the god of the winds, after being the capital of the Mentese Dynasty. The remains date the town to the 1. century B.C. During the Carian Period, it was the capital city. The temple of Zeus Karios is from this period. Milas is also known as the city of temples. You can see traces of its history of 3000 years remaining within.

One of the earlier accounts about Mylassa was during the Persian rule when a tyrant, appointed by the Persian Satrap, Oliates, ruled the city. However, the Golden Age of Mylassa came during the early 4th century during the rule of famous Persian Satraps such as Hysaldomus, Hekatomnos and Maosolos. At the beginning, it seems that the former city of Mylassa was situated at Becin Castle, great rock mountain situated 3 miles distance from Mylassa. During 4th century BC and then it moved to its present site, which was an unusual location for a Carrian city, usually built on the rocky hills. This great rocky hill supplied good quality of marble for the city of Mylassa and to nearby cities. The importance of Mylassa continued even after the move of the capital to Halicarnasus. It was the most important inland city of Caria throughout the Hellenistic and Roman period.

The surrounding areas are the historical sites of Iasos, Labranda, Euromos and Heraclia. Milas itself has an important past. Once the capital of Caria, later it played important role in the Byzantine, Selcuk and Otoman civilizations being the major strong hold of te Mentesche Dynasty.

Nowadays Milas has an important role to play in tourism, being close to the gulf of Mandalya and Gökova. Captain Cousteau has said ‘ if you are looking for paradise on earth you will find in Gökova’. The town is very close to the international airport.

Gumuskesen Mausoleum: It was the first mausoleum which was protected since the ancient times . It was said to be a replica of the Bodrum Mausoleum of ancient Halicarnassus which is one of the seven wonders of the world. It dates to the 1. Century B.C. and 1. Century A.D.

Baltalikapi (The gate with the Axe):

This impressive Roman Gate took its name from a double axe, carved at the top of the main arch. This gate led to sacred way, which extended from Mylassa to Labranda, the famous Carian Shrine. Gate with the double axe of Carian Zeus was part of the city walls, dated to second century BC.

Euromos: Close to the Milas-İzmir highway. It was built in the 6th century B.C. In the city you can see ruins of the temple of Zeus Euromos, the theatre, the agora, ramparts, tombs and sarcophagus.


Close to the Bafa Lake. It was built on the silt carried by the river Great Menderes. On its way between Latmos gulfs and the Aegean sea. The city takes its name from Herakles. In the city you can see the temple of Athena, the agora, city building, theatre, baths, monastry and ramparts wall with 65 towers. The city was constructed in Helenistic Times.


It was constructed near Comakdag mountain and 13 km from Mılas.The name derives from Labrys which mean double-faced axe (the symbol of God Zeus and war gun of Amazons) the history of the city dates to 600 B.C. In the city there are androns, priest houses, proyleas, treasure rooms,baths, stadium, ramparts, tombs and sacred way.

Accordıng to mythology Iasos was constructed by the Argosts Colonists from Greece. History of the city dates to 3rd century B.C. The city contained large ramparts, aquaducts, sarcophagus, a theatre and a fish market.

Becin Castle:

It was constructed by the Mentesche Dynasty during the second half of the 13th century A.D. on the plato 5 km to the South Castle is built 200 meter high up on the rocks. At the entrance to the castle are temple ruins which date to Roman Period.

Aqua Ducts:

In ancient times water was carried to Mylassa by the aqua ducts to be seen to the north-east of the town. These are dated to the late Roman period and made of stonework.


With its ancient name a small lovely town full of roses and begonville located at the bay of Mandalya, as the most beautiful one of the towns in Aegean coast, is in the region of Milas and officially belong to the province of Mugla. It is in a good location for trips to Milas, Labranda, Iasos, Lake Bafa, Bodrum an even to Ephesus and Pamukkale. Town is in the distance 26 km to Milas, 40 km to Bodrum and just 8 km to the international airport. The ancient city, called Iasos, is just across the bay of Güllük and it takes only 10 minutes to reach by boats. It is near the village Kıyıkıslacık, you can easily reach by walk to the ruins next to natural harbour. The amphitheatre and agora is still in very good shape. Güllük is also famous for its fish restaurants. It is a calm and peacefull touristic resort and one may have the chance of visiting Milas, which is the capitol of Caria Empire in the history having the tracks of 27 ancient cities.

In Güllük, the legend created by Hermias and his dolphin has been narrated by ages and most people living in the area know a lot about it. As the legend says ; one day Hermiyas, little boy, was invited to the sea by the dolphin and then Hermiyas jumped out of his mother’s arms and rode on the dolphin. Sailed together, the dolphin and the boy were seen on sea by the local fishermen and they told his mother that they had seen her son and his dolphin far away to the coast. For a long time, (may be years and years) at the seaside the mother always expected him to get back but none came. Today near the old harbour of Güllük there is a monument which animates the legend about Hermiyas and the dolphin.

Close to Bodrum airport, fantastic beaches and historical sites make Güllük an excellent area for holiday rental income and good capital gains.

TURKEY – In General

  • Country centrum of civilization for thousands of years
  • The only country which has borders to Europe, Asia, Middle East and Russia
  • Sea borders the Mediterranean, the Aegean and the Black Sea
  • Known as Asia minor ; the asian side of Turkey is known as Anatolia
  • Was founded as a republic in 1923 by one of the greatest leaders in history, Atatürk
  • Modern, sophisticated population
  • Technologically well advanced with almost %100 of its transmissions digitized
  • Young population as %70 under 35 years old
  • Is one of the safest countries in the world according to comperative statistics
  • Has a 650 year old covered shopping mall of 64 streets, 3500 shops, 22 entrances and 25 workers, the Grand Bazaaar in İstanbul
  • Is the birthplace and home of St.Nicholas popularly known as Santa Claus
  • Is where Noah’s Arc landed at Mount Agri(Old Ararat) ın eastern part of Turkey
  • Is the originator of the fabulous İznik ceramic tiles, which were created at lake İznik, northwestern part of Turkey, from the 15th century, many of the designs were inspired by the wall paintings from the Roman Period
  • Is the location for two of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Temple of Artemis (in Bergama) and Mauseleum at Halicarnassus(in Bodrum)
  • Has a region called ‘Cappadocia’ known as about 550 churches (some known and some in underground)
  • Is located at Ephesus where the final home of Virgin Mary, to which she travelled with St.John is located nearby
  • Is the birthplace of St.Paul ; for centuries the sick have drunk from the well of St.Paul in Tarsus
  • İs the birthplace of King Midas,who turned everything into gold
  • Was producing wine as early as 4000 B.C.
  • Was the first to produce and use coins 2700 years ago
  • Has the most valuable silk carpet in the world in Mevlana Museum-Konya with 144 knots per In the 15th century Marco Polo had written ‘the best rugs are woven here and also silk of crimson and other rich colors’


By Road
Transportation to Bodrum from all over Turkey through bus services is available. Bus terminal is in the city center.
Bus Station Tel:(+90-252) 316 26 37
You can easily reach to Güllük by taxi or minibus. The town is just 8 km. to the Milas-Bodrum highway.
By Sea
There are regular ferryboat services to the Greek islands of Kos and Rhodes from Bodrum. There are also connections to Knidos, Didim and Dalyan. The ferryboats and sea-buses all leave from the main harbor.
Bodrum Ferryboat Agency:(+90-252) 316 0882
Bodrum Express (Sea Bus): (+90-252) 316 10 87
By Air
The Airport is 30 km. from the Bodrum city center. Transportation is provided by Turkish Airlines, taxis and minibuses. The distance from Güllük to the airport is 10 km and you can reach by using taxi or minibuses.